The modern period
On 24 August 2016 a powerful earthquake struck Amatrice, devastating the town and killing at least 291 people. Sergio Pirozzi, the mayor of Amatrice, said that the town “is no more”. Later, Pirozzi said that “three-quarters of the town was destroyed”. Nearby Accumoli and Pescara del Tronto were also devastated.
Archaeological discoveries show a human presence in the area of Amatrice since prehistoric times, and the remains of Roman buildings and tombs have also been found. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the area became part of the Lombard Duchy of Spoleto, included in the comitatus of Ascoli. The town of Matrice is mentioned in the papers of the Abbey of Farfa in 1012 as commanding the confluence of the Tronto and Castellano rivers.
The medieval and early modern periods
In 1265, during the reign of Manfred of Sicily, Amatrice became part of the Kingdom of Naples. After the capture of Naples by the Angevines, Amatrice rebelled but was vanquished by Charles I of Anjou in 1274, although it maintained some sort of autonomy as an universitas.
In the 14th and 15th century, Amatrice was frequently in conflict with the neighbouring cities of Norcia, Arquata and L’Aquila, and its troops took part in the siege of l’Aquila under Braccio da Montone. In the course of the conflict between Angevines and the Aragonese for the possession of the Kingdom of Naples, Amatrice sided with Naples.
The city was severely damaged by an earthquake in 1639.
Information provided by Wikipedia.